For JCBE Authors


Language: Articles must be written in clear and concise English.

Cover Page:

Title: Article title must be centred in font size 14, concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulas. The title page should include the name(s) of the author(s), the affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s), the e-mail address and telephone numbers of the corresponding author.

Abstract: Provide an abstract of 300 to 450 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.

Keywords: Provide upto 4 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.

Page layout and spacing
Page size must be 8.5 x 11-inches ("letter" size).
All margins (left, right, top and bottom) must be 1.5 inches (3.8 cm), including your tables and figures.

Single space your text with font size 12. Use a single column layout with both margins justified. (End and references must be both left- and right- justified as well.)

Indent all paragraphs except those following a section heading.

Equations, long quotations, theorems, propositions, special remarks, tables, figures, etc. should be set off from the surrounding text by additional space above and below. Otherwise, do not insert an extra space between paragraphs of text.

Do not "widow" or "orphan" text; make sure that headings are on the same page as the text that follows them, and do not begin a page with the last line of a paragraph. This also applies to titles or notes attached to tables.

There should be no pages where more than a quarter of the page is empty space unless it is impossible to do so.

All text should be fully justified, left and right (i.e., flush with the left and right margins). Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.


JCBE adheres to the Harvard reference style of in-text citation. The basic format is (Author, year : page number): (Alagidede, 2018; Aigbavboa et al., 2011; Tengan, 2018: 25). References ought to be ordered alphabetically, Unnumbered.

Tengan, C., Aigbavboa, C. O. and Oke, A. E. (2018). Evaluation of UFPA quality assessment criteria for monitoring and evaluation system in the Ghanaian construction industry. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, pp. 1-5, doi:10.1080/20421338.2017.1423008.

Alagidede, P., and Mensah, J.O. (2018). Construction, institutions and economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. African Review of Economics and Finance, 10(1), 136-163.

Kissi, E., Ankomah, E., Tengan, C. and Asamoah, R. (2016). Challenges to retrofitting and adaptation of existing building within the major central business district in Ghana. Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6 (2), pp. 1460-1476.

Levin, A. and Lin, C. (1993). The Microstructure of Foreign Exchange Market, 2nd edn. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Obeng-Odoom, F. (2020). Property, Institutions, and Social Stratification in Africa. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Edited books
Moyo, S. and Yeros, P., (eds.). (2005). Reclaiming the Land: The resurgence of rural movements in Africa, Asia and Latin America, Zed Books Ltd. and David Philip, London and Cape Town.

Chapters in Edited books
Goodhart, C., Ito, T. and Payne, R. (1996.). One day in June 1993: a study of the working of the Reuters 2000-2 electronic foreign exchange trading system, in The Microstructure of Foreign Exchange Markets, 2nd edn (Eds) J. A. Frankel, G. Galli and A. Giovannini, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 107-79.

Working Paper Pedroni, P. (1995). Panel cointegration; asymptotic and finite sample properties of pooled time series tests, with an application to the PPP hypothesis. Indiana University, Working Papers in Economics No. 95-013. University of California, San Diego.

Discussion Paper/Unpublished Paper
Levin, A. and Lin, C. (1993). Unit root tests in panel data: asymptotic and finite-sample properties. Discussion Paper/Unpublished Paper No 34-7, mimeo, University of California, San Diego.

Conference Papers
Mills, E. (1971). City sizes in developing economies, paper presented at the Rehovot Conference on Urbanisation and Development in Developing Countries, Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel, 16-24 August.

Rimes, K. J. (1999). Global Investments Prospects Assessment (GIPA) Report. Available at (accessed 2 July 2007).

Cox, D. R. (1961). Tests of separate families of hypotheses, in Proceedings of the Fourth Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability, Vol. 1, University of Berkeley Press, Berkeley, CA, pp. 105-23.


A limited number of explanatory endnotes are permissible. These should be numbered 1, 2, 3 consecutively in the text and denoted by superscripts. They should be typed on separate pages at the end of the text.


Short Papers or Notes Short papers or Notes should be as short as possible, and should not exceed 2000 words. The specifications from the previous section apply in all respects. Short papers or notes may offer comments on other papers published by this Journal, as well as offer original contributions.

Letters to the Editor
Letters are intended to be short unrefereed contributions dealing with, for example, an opinion on some aspect of research or current thinking, a debate carried out in the pages of the Journal, recent discussions on email networks and obituaries. Not all contributions will be published as space is limited and valuable. The ultimate decision about publication rest with the Editors. Depending on other items in the issue, no more than four (4) pages per issue will be devoted to these letters. Letters should begin with the text "Dear Sir" and the author's name, affiliation and country should appear at the end.

Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author for corrections. The difficulty and expense involved in making amendments at proof stage make it essential for authors to prepare their manuscripts carefully: any alterations to the original text are strongly discouraged. Our aim is rapid publication: this will be achieved if authors provide good copy following the above instructions, and return their proofs as quickly as possible.

Publication Charges
The Journal of Construction and Built Environment does not charge submission, page and publishing fees. This is a service aimed at promoting good quality decentralised and inclusive academic and professional publishing.

Article access
As an author, you will receive free access to your article from the Publisher, Porthologos Press. Print copies of the volume in which your article appeared can be obtained at a cost from the publishers.

All submissions should preferably be in Word and PDF format and submitted to the editors via or


Authors retain copyright to their articles.